Bakelite (C6H6O CH2O)n

Structural Formula

Vander waal Structure

Interactive Image

Bakelite or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride is an early plastic. It is a thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin, formed from a condensation reaction of phenol with formaldehyde. It was developed by the Belgian-American chemist Leo Baekeland in New York in 1907. Poetically, it is a resin formed from equal parts of phenol and formaldehyde, in the presence of a base, by the application of heat

Characteristics & Uses

The characteristic features of bakelite include:

Environmental impact, incineration and recycling

The dangerous nature of Bakelite is from different sources: manufacturing, collecting and disposing. Besides the obvious danger to the environment to improper disposal of these products, there is a considerable and lingering health risk. Not only did these products contain formaldehyde, Bakelite contained asbestos, a known and hazardous toxin. Exposure to Bakelite dust may cause lung infections, mesothelioma and other respiratory complications.
Properties
Chemical formula (C6H6O CH2O)n
Molar mass Variable
Appearance Brown solid
Density 1.3 g/cm3
Thermal Conductivity 0.2 W/(m K)
Refrective index(nD) 1.63
Solubility in water 110 g/100ML at 20°C
Acidity 9.15
Source: Wikipedia