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Disaster Management As A Component In School Curriculum:

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Disaster is a sudden adverse or unfortunate extreme event resulting in loss of lives and properties. Disaster management is preparing for reacting and recovering from disasters. In India, it has been introduced at school level and preparing children to combat and sensitise about disasters, will prove a fruitful and blessing for millions of lives saved by them.
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License:[Source NCERT ]June 13, 2017, 5:43 p.m.

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Disaster Management in schools is a plan that has been done strategically and the process is administered and employed to protect critical assets from natural or human made calamities and destruction take place. Education promotes and enables Disaster Risk Reduction and it has already been made out by policy makers and researchers. In fact, the numbers of evidences are increasing that students of different age groups actively participate in safety measures of their schools and also help their teachers and other adults in their communities towards reducing the risks during or after disastrous events. A few of the roles that are being played by the schools in the Disaster Management are as follows:

  • They plan for the safety measures that need to be taken during the time of various kinds of disasters, internal and external
  • They stay in touch various local agencies such fire department, ambulance, police, etc. for crisis management
  • They train both their staffs and personnel
  • They evaluate and improve the plans
  • They circulate disaster plans in each classroom
There is increasing evidence that students of all ages can actively study and participate in school safety measures, and also work with teachers and other adults in the community towards minimising risk before, during and after disaster events. Methods of participatory vulnerability assessment, capacity assessment and hazard mapping have been be used with broader communities surrounding schools and other institutions of education and research. Government can effectively reach out to communities and protect them by focusing on schools in DRR initiatives to achieve greater resilience to disasters.
The process of disaster planning itself often leads to an improvement in procedures which ensures a greater level of safety. Preventive measures are devised which make the likelihood of tragedies and accidents less likely. A safe and secure environment is a prerequisite for effective teaching and learning. Thus ensuring safety of children, teachers and staff members during disasters is necessary.The School is a densely populated place and has small children that are one of the most vulnerable groups in the society. To reduce this vulnerability particularly for schools, it is important to have a school Disaster Management Plan and education among the studfents is very important. Department of Disaster Management is working towards making schools a safer place for students and teachers and we hope that the Ministry of education will continue to support the DDM in taking the initiative of providing safe environment for teachers and students ahead.
It is also important to engage the school communities in disaster prevention activities like practicing regular drill also to create awareness on different hazards and the dos and donts if there is a disaster.

The importance of education in promoting and enabling Disaster Risk Reduction has already been identified by researchers and policy makers. In doing so, there is a renewed focus on disaster risk education in primary and secondary schools. Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into school curricula aims to raise awareness and provide a better understanding of disaster management for children, teachers and communities. Accompanying structural changes to improve safety in building schools will not only protect children and their access to education, but will also minimise long term costs
When we say a school is involved in Disaster Management, we often think that it is only the school faculty who are involved in it. But students also share and provide their equal contribution in the procedure of Disaster Management.